What is diabetes?
Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic conditions characterised by high blood sugar (glucose) levels, that result from defects in insulin secretion, or action, or both. Diabetes mellitus, commonly referred to as diabetes was first identified as a disease associated with “sweet urine,” and excessive muscle loss in the ancient world. Elevated levels of blood glucose (hyperglycemia) lead to spillage of glucose into the urine, hence the term sweet urine.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF TYPE 1 DIABETES:
- Nocturnal enuresis (night time bed-wetting)
- Polydipsia (excessive thirst)
- Polyuria (frequent urination)
- Unintentional weight loss
- Abdominal pain
- Blurred vision
- Unusual hunger
- Lethargy (abnormal lack of energy)
- Reoccurring yeast infections (thrush)
- Dehydration (sunken eyes, dry skin, dry mouth)