What is Type 1 diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes is also known as Juvenile Diabetes, Insulin Dependant Diabetes, IDDM, diabetes mellitus, T1D, Type1D, and more variations. It is a condition that affects how the body uses glucose, a sugar that is the body’s main source of fuel. This is how it should work:
It is an auto immune condition, where the body’s immune system has attacked the pancreas and destroyed the cells that make insulin. When a person has type 1, the body is still able to get glucose from food, but the lack of insulin means that glucose can’t get into the cells where it’s needed. So the glucose stays in the blood. This makes the blood sugar level very high and causes a person to feel unwell and can cause future severe diabetic complications.
Once a person has type 1 diabetes, the pancreas can’t ever make enough insulin to control glucose levels again and requires to take insulin through regular injections or an insulin pump to stay alive and to try and keep their blood glucose levels as near normal as possible to reduce the likelihood of future complications.
Around 27,000 people have Type 1 diabetes in Scotland, this is around 10% of everyone with ‘diabetes’
Common sign and symptoms include:
- Passing urine frequently
- Increased Appetite
- Weight loss
Type 1 diabetes can develop very quickly, especially in children, if you have any suspicions that you or someone you know may have type 1 diabetes, don’t delay, please seek medical advice as soon as possible.